Bar Horseshoe
Bar Horseshoe
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Fultz House Museum

Bar Horseshoe

Accession number: 2006.07.25
Object type: Horse;Farrier
Date: before 2006
Materials: Rubber, Metal
Measurements: 12 cm L x 11 cm W
Marks/Label: EQUINE
Description: Oval shaped steel with a bar on the bottom curved convexly, rimmed horseshoe with heel support bar. two studded nails on either side of the heel, 3 nails in the shoe and sole, 6 diamond cut nail holes in the shoe (three on either side) rubber is black and pliable, metal is a malleable steel, fullered shoe 
History of Use: Barred horse shoes became a popular medical item as horses received more quarter cracks, counter indicated hoof movement, and white line trauma.
Cracks and traumas can happen a variety of different ways, slipping, tripping, loose rock, poor riding conditions, and also poor farrier work.
The bar the connects the back end of the shoe helps hold the hoof together in the healing process, provides heel support, distributes weight of a load more evenly across the hoof, and is a non-invasive medical procedure.
The rubber sole on the shoe can be used for many reasons, snow cap (keeps snow and ice buildup from inside hoof/shoe), protects frog and other nerves from gravel/stone bruises, provides cushion for horses trotting on pavement, protect the hoof during the "soft hoof season", and overall provide comfort for a horse. 
The shoe is a rimmed horseshoe (grooves in the shoe) for speed and traction.